Researchers state pictures of craters captured by American and European space probes display there probably once was a planet-wide structure of underground lakes on the Red Planet. Information gathered by ESA and NASA probes orbiting Mars offers the foremost geological proof for an early Martian groundwater system, as per a study by scientists in the Netherlands and Italy.
One of the researchers, Francesco Salese, stated that the results substantiate previous smaller-scale studies & models and that the underground lakes might have been linked to each other. The idea of water on the Red Planet has long awestruck researchers owing to the likelihood that the planet might have once fostered an analogous environment to those that permitted life to nurture on Earth. Ice patches spotted earlier on the Red Planet offer enticing signs of a watery past for the dry world.
Scientists stated pool-shaped valleys, fan-shaped sediment deposits, and flow channels observed in dozens of kilometers-deep depressions in the northern hemisphere of Mars would have required water to generate. Co-author Gian Gabriele Ori stated few researchers contemplate Mars might once between 3 and 4 billion years ago could even have been associated with the underground lakes.
The scientists also observed indications of minerals like clay on the Red Planet that would have needed long episodes of contact with water to generate. A planetary scientist from the German Aerospace Center, Ralf Jaumann, who was not involved in the research directly, stated such spots are a good beginning point for potential Mars landers to hunt for indications of ancient life.
Likewise, China—fresh from completing their risky Chang’e 4 lunar mission—now intends to go even beyond. China has declared its next plan is to conquer Mars, beginning with a Mars rover to be lifted off next year. And also Beijing seems to be preparing a manned mission to the Red Planet, after launching a site in one of the driest regions on Earth, to imitate the unfriendly Martian environment.